Chair of Aircraft Structures

Project Laboratory
Research Projects

Airplane Structures, part I


Lectures + Exercises
Subject Designation
3 + 1


Subject Holder:



To familiarize students with design and basic methods applied in the sizing of aircraft structural elements.



  • Types of airplanes. Basic aircraft systems. Concepts of lift surfaces, tail surfaces, propulsion systems and landing gear.
  • Basic structural elements of a wing. Concepts and structural solutions of wing structures. Influence of wing design on basic flying characteristics.
  • Design and sizing of thin walled beams (main spar).
  • Design and sizing of thin walled structural elements (wing sections).
  • Design and sizing of compressive loaded thin walled panels. Critical stress of wing structure – local and global buckling.
  • Design and sizing of stressed skin wing.
  • Peculiarities of swept and delta wing. Concepts and design.
  • Design, sizing and evaluation of cut-outs. Sizing of reinforced cut-outs. Design and sizing of spars with cut outs.
  • Basic fuselage structural elements. Concepts and design solutions. Monocoque and semimonocoque design. Truss design.
  • Design and sizing of cylindrical fuselage.
  • Design and sizing of wing-fuselage joint.
  • Integration of propulsion in the aircraft structure. Design of intakes.
  • Empennage – concepts and design solutions.
  • Basic structural element of the cockpit and cargo area. Concepts and design solutions. Design elements of fighter airplane cockpit.
  • Zoning. FAR 23 elements pertinent to the aircraft design.
  • Specifics of composite aeronautical structures. Examples of typical airplane structures.


Teaching material:

As provided to students during lectures


Additional References:

  • Niu, M. C. Y.: Airframe Structural Design, Conmilt Press, 1999.
  • Raymer, D. P.: Aircraft Design: A Conceptual Approach, AIAA Educational Series, Washington DC, 2002.
  • Glagolev, A.N.; Goljdinov, M. Ja.; Grigorenko, S.M. : Konstrukcija samoletov, Moskva, Mašinostroenie, 1975.
  • Glagolev, A.N.; Goljdinov, M. Ja.; Grigorenko, S.M. : Konstrukcija samoletov, Moskva, Mašinostroenie, 1975.
  • Flabel, J.-C.: Practical Stress Analysis fo Design Engineers, Lake City Publishing Company, 2005.
  • Niu, M. C. Y: Airframe Stress Analysis and Sizing, Conmilt Press, 1997.
  • Megson, T.H.G.: Aircraft Structures for Engineering Students, Elsevier, 2006.
  • Torenbeek, E.; Synthesis of Subsonic Airplane Design, Kluwer, 1982.

Administrator        LAST CHANGE: 28.03.2017